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The next step is to put together all the tools and equipment you'll need when implementing your Bug-Out scenario - otherwise known as creating a BOB (Bug-Out Bag). This is a bag designed to get you to a BOL (Bug-Out Location) within 3 days which should provide much more security and protection from the current disaster. The BOB is the most basic of preparedness assets, you can also work on more advanced bags such as INCH (I'm Never Coming Home) bags which are aimed at living off the land for extended worldwide disasters.

This is the section people often start with and go crazy on by filling their bags to the brim with tons of gear they believe will help them survive in a disaster. This is due to: a) The ease of buying things and the false sense of progress is gives, and b) people tend to think that "stuff" will save them in a disaster with little effort on their part, which couldn't be further from the truth. They often miss the planning steps discussed above and believe they will "wing it" and head for the mountains in a disaster. What do you think will happen if everyone does that?

Firstly you should only buy gear which provides an essential function for survival such as a knife or rope and possibly an item that makes surviving a little easier such as a book of crosswords or toilet paper. Secondly you should know your equipment inside and out by using it outside of a disaster scenario so you know how to use it without the added stress of a disaster on top. Your gear should also be based around your personal requirements, climate, country and state.

An example being that you're more likely to need water acquisition methods in humid environments than somewhere with snow. Likewise if you live in a country with gun restrictions, this will surely impact the means of self defence you carry. The gear sections contains a list of basic items you should consider carrying with you. From there you can branch out into the other items you require for your situation.

Gear List

Below is an example list of BOB (Bug Out Bag) gear that preppers typically carry. Some of the items provide a critical function to surviving and others used in different situations based on your climate. Carrying pouches for groupings of gear aren't listed but it's recommended to have a few to be able to sort your items out so they aren't scattered all over the bag. Keep in mind this is a Bug Out Bag which should only have enough supplies to get you to a more permanent destination within three days.

You should only buy a backpack once you have the gear you want to put inside. Purchasing the bag first is a common mistake as it could be too small for everything you require or too big causing you to fill up every nook and cranny with nice, but unnecessary gear. Make sure you're able to lift the bag as well or it will be useless when you're bugging out. A good standard for calculating the ideal weight of your BOB is: Your Weight รท 3. No bag which will be carried on your back should weigh more than 35kgs (66 pounds).

There's so much more to your gear than just having a list with no explanations for each item, what they can be used for and why it's worth its weight in your backpack. Each of these items is described in much more detail in the Gear section with explanations on why it's necessary, the cost, size differences, recommended brands and alternative uses. For a list of gear in the other preparedness bags, see the GEAR section.

It's always good to have redundancy of the essential items in your kit such as water, fire and medical gear. Fire can be achieved with a match, lighter or a lens. However did you know that you can use a clear spherical bag of water to start a fire instead of a lens? It's also lighter and smaller and provides the additional function of storing and purifying water. Purification, because a bag of water when placed in direct sunlight for 5-7 hours will kill the bacteria, viruses and protozoa in it. This is known as SODIS (SOlar DISinfection). When deciding on equipment to add to your BOB ask yourself what functions this item provides and try to think about any other useful ways it can be utilized.

Most people add way too many items into their BOB when they first start prepping, but this is a step everyone must take to learn what they need and don't need. The key here is to get out into the wild and find out what items you use the most and try to eliminate the ones you don't use or only use once. It's better to have an item you don't need when you're starting out rather than finding you desperately need something when you're in a disaster situation.

Disaster can happen at any time so ensure you're packed and ready to leave at a moments notice.

Your BOB should essentially be a living, breathing asset where you monitor the numbers and expiry dates of items inside, keeping them fresh or "rotated" and in a perpetually ready state in the event of a sudden disaster. There's no use "borrowing" an item from it and then having to hunt it down when disaster strikes, or worse - forgetting to put it back in. Some people keep their bag on them at all times and in the car when they're at work so they're able to make it home quickly, living solely off those supplies. Disaster can happen at any time so ensure you're packed and ready to leave at a moments notice.

The Bug Out Bag List


      • 1x 1L Metal Water Bottle

      • 1x 1L Folding Bottle

      • 15-30x Water Purification Tablets

      • 1-2x Unlubricated Condoms

      • 1x Small Water Filter (Sawyer, Katadyn, MSR)


      • 3-6x Meals

      • 3-5x Energy/Hiking Bars

      • 1x Stove

      • 1x Fuel Canister

      • 1x Cooking Pot

      • 0-1x Cups

      • 1x Utensils Set

      • 1x Scrubber


      • 1x Lightweight Clothes

      • 1x Warm Clothes

      • 1x Rain Poncho

      • 1x Walking Boots

      • 2x Underwear Sets

      • 1x Hat

      • 1x Gloves

      • 1x Shemagh

      • 1x Eyewear

      • 2x Pairs of Socks


      • 1x Shelter

      • 1x Ground Pad

      • 1x Sleeping Pad

      • 1x Groundsheet

      • 1x Wool Blanket


      • 1x Hand Sanitizer

      • 1x Pack Towel

      • 1x Toilet Paper

      • 1x Toothbrush

      • 1x Med. Toothpaste

      • ?x Feminine Products


      • 1x First Aid Kit

      • 10x Isopropyl Wipes

      • 5g Potassium Permanganate

      • 30x Band-Aids

      • 6x Butterfly Sutures

      • 10x Wound Dressings

      • 2-3x Surgical Blades

      • 1x Clotting Powder

      • 60g Oral Rehydration Salts (ORS) or (3 Packets)

      • 3x Needles (S, M, L)


      • 10x Analgesics (Panadol, Asprin, Nurofen)

      • 8x Intestinal Sedatives (Imodium, Lomotil)

      • 6x Antihistamines (Benadryl, Polaramine)

      • 4x Anti-Malaria Tablets

      • 30x Antibiotics (Penicillin, Amoxycilin)

      • 3x Iosat (Radiation Tablets)


      • 1x Knife

      • 1x Multitool

      • 1x Flexible Saw

      • 1x Pen & Book (in a waterproof zip-lock bag)

Light & Fire

      • 1x Flint Rod & Striker

      • 1x Large BIC Lighter

      • 1x Headlamp

      • 2-3x Sets of Batteries for Headlamp

      • 1x Medium Candle (In Zip Lock Bag)

      • 1x Fresnel Lens

      • 1-2x Tritium Lights

      • 1x Torch

      • 0-3x Glowsticks

Communication & Navigation

      • 1x Mobile Phone

      • 1x Charger Cable

      • 1x Compass

      • 2x Local Maps

      • 1x Waterproof Map Case

      • 3x Signal Flares

      • 1x Radio

      • 1x Solar Panel (15-30W)

      • 1x Power Bank (10K+ mAh)

      • 1x Loud Whistle

      • 1x Binoculars/Monocular

Self Defence

      • 1x Primary Gun

      • 25-50 Rounds of Ammo

      • 1x 50ml Insect Repellent

      • 1x Secondary Weapon

      • 1x Pepper Spray or Deterrent


      • 1x Backpack

      • $300-$500 USD Cash

      • 1x Brew Kit

      • 0-10oz Barterable Coins (Silver/Gold)

      • 20m Thread

      • 50m Fishing Line

      • 5x Hooks

      • 5x Small Sinkers

      • 1x1m Latex Tubing

      • 2x N95 Face Mask

      • ID Documents

      • 1 Deck of Playing Cards

      • 1-2 Morale Boosters

      • 1x New Testament Bible

For the next part in this series, head to: (TBD)

For more of this content, download 'The Preparedness Encyclopedia (TPE)' for free Here

Lost? Or want to see a list of my other preparedness topics: Preparedness Home

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